The Tokyo Foundation for Policy Research


The Tokyo Foundation for Policy Research


中室 牧子/Makiko Nakamuro


Makiko Nakamuro

Last updated : June 18, 2024

Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University

Areas of Expertise
  • Educational economics

Received her BA from Keio University and her PhD from Columbia University. Was an associate professor in the Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University, from 2013 to 2019 and became professor in 2019. Also appointed Head of Digital Education, Digital Agency, in 2021.

Research Program
The Impact of Quality of Education on Children’s Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills(-2024)
Comprehensive Empirical Analysis of Children’s Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills

Select Publications

Higuchi, Y., Nakamuro, M., Roever, C., Sasaki, M., & Yashima, T. (2023) Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 70, 101284, DOI:

Sato, K., Fukai, T., Fujisawa, K., & Nakamuro, M. Association Between the COVID-19 Pandemic and Early Childhood Development. JAMA Pediatric, forthcoming, DOI:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.2096.

Yamaguchi, S., Ito., H., & Nakamuro, M. (2023). Month-of-birth Effects on Skills and Skill Formation. Labour Economics, 84, 102392, DOI:

Fujisawa, K., Fukai, T. & Nakamuro, M. (2023). Quality of Early Childhood Education and Care in Japanese Accredited Nursery Centers: A Study Using Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale, Third Edition (ECERS-3), PLOS One, 18(2).

Kurokawa, H., Igei, K., Kitsuki, A., Kurita, K., Managi, S., Nakamuro, M., & Sakano, A. (2023). Improvement impact of nudges incorporated in environmental education on students’ environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Journal of Environmental Management, 325, 116612.

Roever, C., Higuchi, Y., Sasaki, M., Yashima, M; and Nakamuro, M. (2022). Validating a Test of L2 Routine Formulae to Detect Pragmatics Learning in Stays Abroad. Applied Pragmatics.

Ito, H., Kasai, K., Nishiuchi, K. & Nakamuro, M. (2021). “Does Computer-aided Instruction Improve Children’s Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills?” Asian Development Review, 38(1), 98–118.
Ito, H., Nakamuro, M., & Yamaguchi, S. (2020). “Effects of class-size reduction on cognitive and non-cognitive skills.” Japan and The World Economy, 53, 100977.
Matsuoka, R., Nakamuro, M., & Inui, T. (2015). “Emerging inequality in effort: A longitudinal investigation of parental involvement and early elementary school-aged children’s learning time in Japan.” Social Science Research, 54, 159-176.
Griffen, A. S., Nakamuro, M., & Inui, T. (2015). “Fertility and maternal labor supply in Japan: Conflicting policy goals?” Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 38, 52-72.

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