Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s efforts to expand the scope of self-defense activities permitted by the Japanese Constitution have met with resistance from some members of his own coalition. Tokyo Foundation President and Senior Fellow Masahiro Akiyama discusses the July cabinet decision to revise the interpretation of Article 9 and the hurdles Japan must clear to expand the role of the Self-Defense Forces to make a proactive contribution to peace.
Replacing the spousal exemption for personal income tax can correct systemic biases with regard to family work patterns and encourage women’s fuller participation in the labor force, thus unleashing the power of “womenomics,” argues Senior Fellow Shigeki Morinobu. The article below is Chapter 4 of the Tokyo Foundation policy proposal on “Expanding the Tax Base for a Sustainable Social Security System,” issued in Japanese in May 2014.
A potential solution to China’s environmental woes may be the development of “venous” industries that retrieve secondary materials for reuse by the “arterial” sector in a circular economy. Research Fellow Kenji Someno visited recycling facilities in the fast-growing inland regions of China to learn of the progress being made to formalize what had until quite recently been marginal aspects of the Chinese economy.
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